Sunday, May 1, 2016

Who was Columbus? Xavier University Lecture, May 20


The untold story – was Columbus not Italian but of Polish Royalty?
Dinner with Manuel Rosa

Friday May 20 – Conaton Board, Schmidt Hall, Xavier University
5:30 – 6:15 reception; dinner at 6:15 / lecture and discussion starts at 7 pm


Join us for dinner and discussion with Manuel Rosa, author of COLUMBUS- the Untold Story.

Christopher Columbus's origins have long been shrouded in mystery for be utilized an assumed identity in Spain and continuously hid and lied about his past. Schoolbooks teach that the navigator was a poor Italian from a Genoese family of peasant wool weavers. Over the centuries there were claims that Columbus was a native of Greece, Spain, France, Scotland and even Jewish but according to new evidence, Columbus was none of the above for he hailed from Polish royalty.

Hear the latest evidence from Columbus expert Manuel Rosa, author of COLUMBUS. The Untold Story, who has spent 25-years investigating historical documents in various countries and bas unearthed unknown facts which are turning the Columbus history upside-down. "Our whole understanding of Christopher Columbus has for 500 years been based on misinformation. We couldn't solve the mystery because we were looking for the wrong man, following lies that were spread intentionally to bide his true identity," Mr. Rosa told The Daily Telegraph.

Rosa will present new insights into ulterior motives for the epic 1492 voyage across the sea. Columbus was not in search of the real India at all, but was acting as a double-agent with the secret mission of taking the Spanish crown, Portugal's only European enemy, as far away from India as possible. In this secret mission, the navigator was a true James Bond whose successful lie of America being India managed to fool the world for five centuries.

Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American historian and author who emigrated from the Azores to Boston in 1973. A graphic artist working for Atlantic Monthly and Boston Magazine, he became an IT Professional with Lockheed Martin and now works at Duke University. Mr. Rosa has lectured at European and American universities, has advised UNESCO and the Haitian government on matters related to Columbus, bas appeared on BBC, the Travel Channel's Expedition Unknown, on NPR, and many other media and foreign language documentaries.

Join us for a stimulating and entertaining evening about world history that you won 't want to miss.

Guests are welcome. RSVP to kstrunk@fbtlaw.com or call 513-651-6166. FPLC, Brueggeman Center, and World Affairs Council members-$25 / guests-$30. Pay at event or send check (payable to FPLC) to Joe Dehner, 3300 Great American Tower, 301 E. 4th Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202.



Thursday, March 3, 2016

"COLUMBUS-THE UNTOLD STORY" Buy Book here - limited edition




Place Your Book Order Now for 
COLUMBUS. The Untold Story
Choose The Appropriate Option for US or Overseas Delivery


ASSOCIATION CRISTÓVÃO COLÓN,  a non-profit organization, in collaboration with Nowy Dziennik – Polish Daily News, is funding the publication of the English language Edition of Manuel Rosa's award-winning and groundbreaking book COLUMBUS THE UNTOLD STORY.


For 10 years now, Mr. Rosa has been fighting the establishment and its Matrix trying to convince US Publishers to make his research available to the American public, all to no avail. Therefore, we are going directly to you. We feel you deserve to know the truth and that because you want to know the truth, you will support us in bringing "COLUMBUS. The Untold Story" to American readers by pre-ordering your copy today.

Mr. Rosa's first book on Columbus was publish in 2006 in Portugal. He next published "COLÓN. La historia nunca contada" (COLUMBUS. The Untold Story) in 2009 in Spain, then in Poland as "KOLUMB. Historia nieznana," which made the cover of Newsweek, selling out in months, and lastly in Lithuania as "KOLUMBAS. Atskleistoji istorija." 
COLUMBUS. The Untold Story reveals incredible hidden secrets of the life of Columbus, his double-mission in Spain and the surprisingly sophisticated world of fifteenth century, geopolitical politics and espionage. 

Another nutty conspiracy theory!! That’s what I first supposed. I now believe that Christopher Columbus is guilty of a huge fraud carried out over two decades.” - James T. McDonough, Jr., Ph.D. Professor for 31 years at St. Joseph’s University.

Columbus-The Untold Story Book Release event in Vilnius, Lithuania, 2014

Miltiades Varvounis, distinguished Greek-Polish historian, researcher and author wrote in an extensive article about Manuel Rosa's book on Christopher Columbus saying that the book, "is a magnum opus and by no means should be considered a work of pseudo history or just another source of nutty conspiracy theories. Rosa's numerous reliable findings and solid theories would make Sherlock Holmes jealous. The History of Columbus has many mixed-up facts and personalities, and maybe the time has come for the discoverer's life to be finally rewritten." - Source Lithuanian Heritage Magazine, (January/February 2913) pg. 28.
Cover of Newsweek, Poland, Feb. 2011 and enthusiastic readers showing off the Polish edition

This 25-year-long investigation has unearthed unknown facts regarding historical documents discovered in various countries, the information that the supposedly Italian Columbus did not even use Italian in his letters, not even to his brothers, neither did his brothers write Italian to Columbus. 

Add to this the sheer impossibility of a peasant Columbus being able to marry into the socially-superior nobility in Portugal plus have direct access to several monarchs in order to carry out his quest and it becomes apparent how the history we learned was not accurate. In short, academics now are forced to acknowledge that the Discoverer of America was no simple wool-weaver’s son from Genoa.

Lecture at Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture, Chicago, 2012

A Portuguese historian believes he has solved the 500-year-old mystery of Columbus' true identity after a thorough investigation of medieval documents and chronicles. The origins of the man who discovered the Americas has long been a subject of speculation. Contemporary accounts named his birth place as the Italian port of Genoa to a family of wool weavers but over the centuries it has been claimed that he was a native of Greece, Spain, France, Portugal and even Scotland. Others claimed his origins were hidden because he was Jewish or secretly working as a double agent for the Portuguese royal family. But the latest theory suggests that the great navigator, who died in 1506 after four voyages to the New World, was in fact of royal blood: the son of King Vladislav III who was supposedly slain in the Battle of Varna in 1444 ... fled to live in exile on the island of Madeira where he was known as "Henry the German" and married a Portuguese noblewoman. - From Balzekas Museum announcement of the Lithuanian book,  Chicago, IL

Lady Blanka Rosenstiel presenting "SPECIAL RECOGNITION" awards in Miami, Feb. 2015

This Limited Edition of "COLUMBUS. The Untold Story," is an unabridged translation from the 2014 Lithuanian book in its unedited form and has been augmented with surprising new information gathered over the last few years, solidifying Rosa's therory that Columbus was born of Royal Blood.

We are confident that you won't be disappointed with the incredible information Mr. Rosa's book presents regarding Columbus and his 1492 voyage to the Americas. 

Please sponsor this history-changing project and incite your family, friends and organizations to sponsors. You have nothing to lose, except the truth!


2014 Polish TV Documentary based on COLUMBUS: The Untold Story


REVIEWS OF THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDITIONS:

“The book is an extensive and well-documented work on the still-enigmatic figure of Cristóbal Colón, with evocative and notorious contributions that will, with absolute certainty, be talked about for a long time.”
  ­– Professor D. Félix Martínez Llorente, University of Valladolid

"Any historian who is lucid (also if he is not lucid he can hardly be called a historian), given the knowledge of the social relations that prevailed at the time, cannot have any doubt of the FACT, that is more than obvious, that CRISTÓBAL COLÓN HAD TO BE SOMEONE BORN OF THE HIGHEST NOBILITY. Regarding this fact, END OF DISCUSSION. The evidence is now so plentiful that one merely needs to enumerate it to come to this obvious conclusion. His high nobility birth is an issue that is no longer worth wasting our time debating."
 –João Abel da Fonseca, Deputy Secretary-General of the Marine Academy, Secretary of the Class of Maritime History, Academic Correspondent of the Portuguese Academy of History, Vice-President of the Division of History of the Geographical Society of Lisbon, and Chairman of the Council of the Institute of European Culture and Atlantic

“I am a professor of History who specializes in 15th and 16th century Portuguese contacts with West Africa. I do Portuguese paleography, and my research supports your conclusions that Colón was a Portuguese spy for King João II.”
 – Professor Trevor Hall, - PhD. in History from Johns Hopkins University

 "Without a doubt, Manuel Rosa shoved a stick into an anthill destroying a great design. Its publication evokes a historical tsunami, which, not only turns upside-down the history of the discovery of America, but also makes one reflect on the current textbooks in the canon of history . . .The book is extensive and you cannot approach it lightly, or seeking sensationalism. It requires the reader to focus, reflect deeply, persevere through all the arguments put forward by the author, which consist of up-to-now unknown facts of the biography of Christopher Columbus."
- Adam Pawlowski, history  professor in Poland.

"I agree with Manuel Rosa’s research one hundred per cent ... Nothing invalidates the concept that he could have been born in Portugal.”
-Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão, ex-Dean of the University of Lisbon, World-renowned Professor and President of Portuguese Academy of History for 25 years. (Prof.  Serrão wrote in his preface for the Portuguese and Spanish editions.)

"No serious historian, after reading the original Portuguese, Spanish and Italian documents from the 15th-16th Centuries and after having done a proper study of Colón's original heraldic shield, can be indifferent to the truth, and continue insisting in sanctioning unequivocally what others had written prior to the new evidence. Manuel Rosa made an exceptional investigation methodological and well documented."
 – Professor José Carlos Calazans, Lusófona University in Lisbon

“Cristóvão Colón was a Portuguese born noble tied to the House of the Duke of Viseu.”
– Professor Manuela Mendonça, declared to the media following Rosa's lecture at the Portuguese Academy of History, May 16, 2012, as its president


"For the first time ever, a book was written about Colón without starting from any preconceived certainties and every piece of the puzzle is explained point by point."
 – Professor Antonio Vicente, History Professor at Lisbon University

“Finally we have a work of investigation into the history of the discovery of America that is amply documented and shows the real fraud created by the proponents of the accepted tale of an ignorant Columbus. It offers abundant clues to unraveling the great mystery that surrounds the «discoverer of America» and puts forth the long needed change in the perspective of the analysis of this historical figure.”
–José Rodrigues dos Santos, author and nightly news anchor for RTP, Portugal


Manuel Rosa lectures at Duke Universtiy, 2014 and with Lady Blanka during the ward ceremony in Miami 2015

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Currently considered the world's leading expert on the life of Columbus, Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American historian and author who emigrated from the Azores to the Boston area in 1973. In his early professional life he was employed as a graphic artist working on books and national magazines including Atlantic Monthly and Boston Magazine. He later became an IT Professional employed by Lockheed Martin and currently works at Duke University. He is also a recipient of the 1976 Boston Globe’s Art Merit Award and the Lockheed Martin Lightning Award. Mr Rosa has lectured at European and American universities, has advised UNESCO and the Haitian government on matters related to Columbus's lost ship, has appeared on BBC, on the Travel Channel’s Expedition Unknown, on NPR, and many other media and foreign language documentaries. 

Fluent in several languages, Mr. Rosa has spent a quarter century investigating and searching out the facts concerning Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America utilizing a non-biased scientific approach that has taken him to Portugal, Spain, Dominican Republic, Poland, Lithuania and many places in-between in a relentless pursuit of the truth. The new information he garnered about Christopher Columbus resulted in the publishing of his first book (of 640 pages) in 2006.



 This will be a very 
Limited Edition
printing.
Order your copy 
now before it's 
sold-out!

 Buy 1 book =$25.00; buy 10 books = $250.00; or more if you like.
If you want your book signed include the name of the
person to be signed to.

Buy for yourself and for your friends or send this link to your friends 
so they can buy their own copy. 

Filming for Travel Channel's "Expedition Unknown" in Haiti with Josh gates

Thank You
Association Cristóvão Colón
Nowy Dziennik – Polish Daily News













Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Historian Manuel Rosa to discuss the life of Christopher Columbus at Quinnipiac University

Quinnipiac University News and Events  Share   


Historian Manuel Rosa to discuss the life of Christopher Columbus on Oct. 8


Sept. 30, 2015 - Historian Manuel Rosa will discuss the true origin and heritage of Christopher Columbus at noon on Thursday, Oct. 8, in the Carl Hansen Student Center, Room 225, 275 Mount Carmel Ave. 
Rosa's lecture, sponsored by the Central European Institute at Quinnipiac, will present new evidence that shows Columbus was not Italian, but Polish royalty. In 1991, Rosa began a scientific investigation of the life of Columbus taking him to countries, including Portugal, Spain, Poland and the Dominican Republic. He was the only Portuguese historian involved with DNA studies of Columbus' bones at the University of Granada in Spain. 
"We are very excited to host Mr. Rosa at Quinnipiac," said Christopher Ball, director of the Central European Institute. "His lecture on the true origins of Christopher Columbus looks fascinating indeed and typifies the kind of critical thinking and constant questioning we encourage here."
Rosa's first book, "The Columbus Mystery Revealed," was published in 2006. His latest book, "KOLUMB. Historia nieznana" (COLUMBUS. The Untold Story), was published in 2012 and was a bestseller in Poland. 
Alexander Storozynski, distinguished scholar and Polish chair of the Central European Institute, said, "Thanks to much historical digging, Manuel Rosa offers a fascinating look at the roots of Columbus. His work has gained international attention. While the book has been published in several countries, it deserves to be picked up by a major American publishing house a well." 
Rosa is the recipient of the 1976 Boston Globe's Art Merit Award and the Lockheed Martin Lightning Award. He currently works at Duke University. 
The lecture is free and open to the public. For more information, call 203-582-8652.
The Central European Institute builds bridges between the United States and the nations of Central Europe by fostering relationships in academics, business and culture.

- See more at:   http://www.quinnipiac.edu/news-and-events/historian-manuel-rosa-to-discuss-the-life-of-christopher-columbus-on-oct-8/#sthash.gt1Gy1WP.dpuf

Friday, August 21, 2015

FRAUDULENT LAST WILL OF COLUMBUS FASELY DATED 1498

A will without a way. A critical review of how the Christopher Columbus Mayorazgo of 1498 continues to perpetrate a fraud against historians and history. (RI §416163)



ABSTRACT


The Last Will and Testament of Christopher Columbus dated 1498, known as the Mayorazgo (Majorat), materialized in Spain decades after the discoverer died. The document was presented during the Columbus inheritance lawsuit by an Italian imposter named Balthazar Colombo who was not a family relation. The document includes the statement “being I born in Genoa,” which has been utilized as the crucial proof that the Discoverer of America was born in Genoa, Italy. However, neither the contents of the Mayorazgo nor the circumstances of its creation pass scientific scrutiny. It turns out to be a fraudulent document invented by Balthazar Colombo in his shameless effort to steal from the discoverer’s legitimate heirs the immense inheritance of the Dukedom of Veragua, Admiral of the Indies and Marquis of Jamaica.


I. Colón vs. Colombo: planting the seeds of deceit. II. The Problematic Mayorazgo of 1498. III. Wronged Historians.


Keywords:  Christopher Columbus Last WillMajorat of 1498Balthazar Colombo as impostorColumbus Inheritance LawsuitSuccession to the House of VeraguaFraud and Forgery in Medieval TribunalsCredibility of the Raccolta ColombianaLegal Battles of the Admiral of IndiesMisgivings of Genoese ColumbusColón vs. Colombo vs. Columbus.


Friday, May 29, 2015

Christopher Columbus Never Crashed Off Haiti’s Coast

Historian Challenges Official Story:
Christopher Columbus Never Crashed Off Haiti’s Coast
by Kim Ives
Christopher Columbus, the first European explorer to land on the island the indigenous Arawak people called Ayiti, claimed in his diaries that his flagship, the Santa Maria, hit a reef off the coast near what is now the town of Caracol on Christmas eve 1492. He then supposedly used the ship’s wreckage to build a fort called the “Navidad,” no trace of which has ever been found despite many attempts.
This official story is all a lie, asserts award-winning Portuguese- American historian Manuel Rosa, who has spent the past 24 years researching the life of Columbus and his historic voyage.
In fact, Columbus beached the Santa Maria on the shore at Caracol and possibly built a moat around it, turning the ship itself into the Navidad, Mr. Rosa says.
When Columbus left Ayiti (which he renamed Hispaniola) to return to Spain with the Nina and the Pinta, he purposely fired a cannon ball through the Santa Maria’s hull to make it impossible for the 39 men he left behind to flee the island. Three of them were envoys of the Spanish royal court who could have revealed the truth.
On June 9 and 10, Mr. Rosa will visit Caracol with a television crew from the Travel Channel’s show “Expedition Unknown” to
search for evidence of his theory, which he has presented in two books: “The Columbus Mystery Revealed” (2006) and “Columbus: The Untold Story” (2009). The books have been published to great acclaim in Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Lithuanian. (Mr. Rosa is currently looking for a publisher for the English version of the latter book, for which he has a finished manuscript.)
Mr. Rosa is asking any Haitians round Caracol who may (Continue Reading at Haiti Liberté's website, see on page 9)..... 

Thursday, October 2, 2014

COLUMBUS WAS NOT ITALIAN

Was Christopher Columbus Polish Royalty?

Christopher Columbus’ origins have long been shrouded in mystery – was he Italian? Spanish? Greek? None of the above:
In fact, his father was a Polish king, argues Columbus expert Manuel Rosa. Rosa holds that the adventurer’s father was King Vladislav III, who was not killed at the 1444 Battle of Varna, as thought. Instead, old Portuguese documents support Rosa’s theory that King Vladislav went into secret exile, married a Portuguese noblewoman, and had a son who, argues Rosa, went on to become known as Columbus. Columbus lied about his own identity to protect his father’s real identity.

After 23 years of research and with five academic books published, Manuel Rosa sets out the case that conventional understanding of Columbus’ history is not only misleading but utilizes false documents in support of an invented Fairy Tale about a Genoese wool-weaver.

THE POLISH AMERICAN BUSINESS CLUB, THE POLISH INSTITUTE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES and PSFCU cordially invite to a book signing and a lecture by Manuel Rosa titled:

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS: POLISH-PORTUGUESE CONNECTION

WHEN: Columbus Day, October 13th, 2014 @6:30pm

WHERE: Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America,
208 East 30th Street, New York, NY
:
Space limited. RSVP to aleks.slabisz@gmail.com

Mr. Rosa’s 23-year investigation unearthed unknown facts regarding historical documents discovered in various countries, the information that the supposedly Italian Columbus did not even use Italian in his letters, not even to his brothers. Add to this the sheer impossibility of a peasant Columbus being able to marry into the socially-superior nobility in Portugal plus have direct access to several monarchs in order to carry out his quest and it becomes apparent how the history we learned was not accurate. In short, academics now are forced to acknowledge that the Discoverer of America was no simple wool-weaver’s son from Genoa.

According to Mr. Rosa’s research, Columbus was in fact the son of a Portuguese noblewoman, and the mysterious Henrique Alemao, a false Portuguese name utilized by none other than Wladyslaw III, former King of Poland who lived incognito on the Portuguese Island of Madeira.

ABOUT MANUEL ROSA:
Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American historian and author who emigrated from the Azores to the Boston area in 1973 with his parents. In his early professional life he was employed as a graphic artist working on books and national magazines including The Atlantic Monthly and Boston Magazine and currently works at Duke University. He is also a recipient of the 1976 Boston Globe’s Art Merit Award and the Lockheed Martin Lightning Award. For the last 23 years, Mr. Rosa has investigated and searched out the facts concerning the Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America utilizing a non-biased scientific approach that has taken him to Portugal, Spain, Dominican Republic, Poland and many places in-between in a relentless pursuit of the truth.

The new information he garnered about Christopher Columbus resulted in the publishing of his first book in 2006, O Mistério Colombo Revelado in Portugal, followed by COLÓN. La Historia nunca contada published in Spain.
In May 2012, Kolumb. Historia Nieznana became a bestseller in Poland and in February 2014 Kolumbas. Atskleistoji istorija was published in Lithuania.

Another nutty conspiracy theory!! That’s what I first supposed. I now believe that Christopher Columbus is guilty of a huge fraud carried out over two decades.” - James T. McDonough, Jr., Ph.D. Professor for 31 years at St. Joseph’s University.


Mr. Rosa’s tenacity as an investigative historian results in an undeniable case for Columbus being a highly skilled, international spy whose real identity and mission is, only now, coming to light,”! said Thom MacNamara, production executive, who is adapting the script for Chelsea Multi-Media.! “We believe this will be a blockbuster, thriller film that will reveal the surprisingly sophisticated world of fifteenth century, geopolitical espionage.”!

Saturday, June 7, 2014

Haitian Shipwreck is not Columbus’s Santa Maria - A Response

News claims that the shipwreck found off the Northern coast of Haiti is Columbus’s famous Santa Maria flagship are not accurate according to the documentation.


Contrary to recent news, the wreck found off the Northern coast of Haiti is not Columbus’s famous Santa Maria flagship because the vessel did not sink, as Columbus claimed. The flagship was purposely dragged up onto the beach of Caracol, re-christened Natividad and ordered shot side-to-side by a cannonball on January 2, 1493. This cannonball intentionally disabled and marooned the Santa Maria.
In stunning rebuttal to the supposed finding of the Santa Maria by treasure hunter Barry Clifford, historian Manuel Rosa goes into great detail in his book “Columbus-The Untold Story.” In the comprehensive book, Rosa details how Columbus continuously lied to Queen Isabella, including evidence of how the Santa Maria never sank off the coast of Haiti and gives three reasons why Columbus had to maroon the Santa Maria:
1- So that those left behind could not follow him home.
2- So that Spain was forced to send a rescue fleet.
3- Because the Santa Maria would have been highly dangerous to sail back through the winter seas of the Azores.


Furthermore, Rosa asserts that the explorer made sure to take back all the pilots with him, so that, if those marooned could repair the hole in the ship’s hull, they would not know how to reach Spain.
Columbus-The Untold Story has been published in four languages in Europe and seeks an English-language publisher. Documented in great detail in Chapter 10 of Rosa’s 480-page manuscript* and accompanied by freehand illustrations drawn by Columbus himself is a map of Española (A) during the first voyage of 1492. Map (B) clearly shows the location of the ship, which Columbus called Natividad. When compared with Google satellite images of today (C), one can see how well the two maps match up.

Contradictions and Discrepancies:
1- Columbus’s own Ship Log declares that the Santa Maria was “en tierra”, that is “on land”, on January 2, 1493.
2- The banks where the Santa Maria supposedly sank on Christmas Day, 1492, are 6 miles offshore. How did the supposedly sunken ship end up onshore 8 days later?


Was it all a ruse to trick the Spanish Crown into sending him on a second voyage? Was the deception a pretense for marooning the Spanish crown's overseers because they could have blown Columbus's cover had they returned to court with him? Perhaps the truth is Christopher Columbus was not working for Spain, but against it. The totality of the evidence presented in Rosa’s book suggests Columbus was a secret agent; fiercely loyal to Portugal’s king, Isabella’s nemesis. All of Columbus’s actions were calculated to prevent scrutiny, hide his tracks and allow for Portugal to control the spice trade of India, while denying Spain access to that same route. By marooning his own ship, Columbus was free to report to the court of Queen Isabella whatever lies he wanted without the court’s overseers from the 1492 voyage contradicting him, exactly as he did.

Columbus’s advice to the Spanish Court culminated in the signing of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, which gave Portugal free access to the Indian Spice Trade Route while at the same time denying Spain access to that profitable route.
In his logbook, Columbus recorded the ship lost on coral banks, located one and a half leagues (6 miles) offshore from the beach where the Santa Maria was shot on January 2. On January 2, the ship was safe and sound on today’s Caracol Beach. Columbus wrote, “porque ella quedó sana como quando partió” because she was as sound as when she had left (Spain). However, he shot it with a cannonball. How could a ship that sank six miles offshore, lying on its side and taking on water, as he cleverly described it in the logbook, succeed in reaching a sandy beach six miles away in order to be shot by a cannon? This feat would require a large crane and diesel powered tugboats available only some 400 years later.


Therefore, the Santa Maria could only get to Caracol Beach under its own power and thus, it never sank or ran aground, as the explorer declared to the court. The whole report of the ship sinking on those banks off the coast of Haiti was a lie to not have to explain why he marooned the crew and why the court’s overseers did not return with him to Spain. It is only by locating the banks on a map, following details from the Ship Log, that one can clearly see Columbus’s deception.

One of the Santa Maria’s anchors, today in a Haitian museum at Port-au-Prince, was found at a plantation in Limonade, just 6 miles from Caracol. How could such a heavy anchor have floated to land from 6 miles offshore? Furthermore, the bell from the Santa Maria was found in 1994 off the coast of Portugal, near the ship San Salvador, which sank in 1555. Many puzzled over how the Santa Maria’s bell survived when the rest of the ship sank. The only answer is that the Santa Maria never sank, as Rosa claims to show. When the Haitian natives decided to burn the Santa Maria in late 1493, the bell survived because it was metal, and was recovered by Columbus upon his return to Natividad on November 28, 1493. The bell had been stored in Santo Domingo until it was shipped to Spain in 1555.

The fact remains that anyone looking for the Santa Maria in the ocean has not fully understood Columbus’s Ship Log, nor the ruse he was taking part in, and is wasting their time since the ship was left on land and was later burned to ashes by the natives.



* COLUMBUS-The Untold Story, Related book titles and References:
- O Mistério Colombo ReveladoPortugal, 2006 (ISBN-13: 978-9728605865)
- Colombo Português-Novas RevelaçõesPortugal, 2009 (ISBN-13: 978-9898092533)
- Colón. La Historia Nunca Contada, Spain, 2010 (ISBN-13: 978-9898092663)
- Kolumb. Historia Nieznana, Poland, 2012 (ISBN-13: 978-8375107227)
- Kolumbas. Atskleistoji istorija, Lithuania, (ISBN-13: 978-9955739449)

http://apossedevco.com/projects/  - http://www.1492.us.com/english/first_note.htm

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